Diabetes is a condition affecting the way your body makes or uses insulin. Insulin is the primary hormone that cells use in order to store glucose and hence lower blood glucose. A defect in the insulin receptor of the cells or the quantity of insulin produced by the pancreas can lead to diabetes. Type 1 (Juvenile onset) diabetes is a congenital or acquired (auto-immune) condition where the damaged pancreas is not producing insulin because there is a defect in the insulin producing Beta Cells. In type 2 diabetes (adult onset), there is production of insulin by the pancreas however, there is a decrease sensitivity to insulin in the cells where the body cell receptors for glucose do not respond or allow glucose to enter. Both conditions will cause a buildup of glucose in the blood and a rise in blood glucose concentration or blood sugar level. Diabetes side effects include tiredness or fatigue, nausea, vomiting, dehydration, and frequent urination. Complications of Diabetes if not treated may include amputations, blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, and stroke. It is essential that patients control their blood sugar as soon as possible. If you suspect that you have diabetes, please visit any one of our sites and get treated.
Laboratory analysis of fasting (at least 8 hours) patients is performed by blood draw or glucometer. The normal fasting glucose levels in the plasma should be below 100 mg/dl. If these levels are higher than 126 mg/dl on two or more tests on different days, the patient is diabetic. If a randomized blood glucose test is done and patient has a blood glucose level of 200 mg/dl or above the patient is diagnosed with diabetes.
For type 1 diabetes, doctors will prescribe insulin, which will bind to blood glucose and enter the cells. For type 2 diabetics, drugs such as Metformin can be used to increase the sensitivity of cells to insulin and uptake blood glucose. It is critical for patients with Diabetes to follow a special Diet that can help get sugar in the right target range. For the right Diet, patients that have Diabetes require a registered dietitian to create a healthy eating plan in accordance to lifestyle, weight, other medical conditions, and medications being taken. It is recommended for Diabetic patients to exercise daily.
Healthy habits or tips that Diabetic Patients should consider for their DIET:
Limit Carbohydrate intake
Limit high sugar content foods (cake, pie, candy, and soda)
Eating small portions throughout the day
Drinking little or no alcohol
Limiting the salt content in foods
Eating a vast quantity of fruits and vegetables as well as whole grain foods